Diabetes patient care

When you have diabetes mellitus (diabetes), it is important to keep your blood sugar within the range recommended by your doctor. But many things can cause blood sugar to change, sometimes quickly. Learn about some factors that can affect blood sugar. Then find out what you can do to control them.

Diabetes is a chronic (long-term) health condition that affects the way your body converts food into energy.

Your body converts most of the food you eat into sugar (glucose) and releases it into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar rises, it tells your pancreas to secrete insulin. Insulin acts as a key that allows blood sugar to enter the cells in your body to be used as energy.

In diabetes mellitus, your body cannot produce enough insulin or use it as much as it should. When there is not enough insulin or cells do not respond to insulin, too much sugar remains in the blood. Over time, this condition can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, blindness, and kidney disease.

There is no cure for diabetes, but losing weight, eating healthy, and being active can help.

Other things you can do to help:

  • Take your medicine as prescribed.
  • Get diabetes self-management education and support.
  • Get and plan treatment.

Importance of Diabetes

Treatment Diabetes can lead to serious complications such as heart and kidney failure, vision loss, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, nerves, and nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy). In this case of diabetes patient care, amputation is often necessary. However, the risk of problems can be reduced if certain standards are followed. These include:

  • Discuss exercise with your doctor. Ask your doctor what type of exercise is right for you. …
  • Make an exercise plan.
  • Learn your number.
  • Pay attention to your blood sugar
  • Pay attention to whether you need a snack.
  • Stay hydrated.
  • Be ready.
  • Adjust your diabetes treatment plan as needed.

In general, the costs of most complications of diabetes can only be covered by good care. In general, the following conditions can be treated:

1. Nerve damage In Diabetes patient care diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur when you have diabetes. High blood sugar (glucose) can damage blood vessels in the body. Diabetic neuropathy often damages the nerves in the legs and feet.

Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy include pain and numbness in the legs, feet, and hands as the nerves are affected. It can also cause digestive, urinary, blood, and heart problems. Some people experience mild symptoms. But for others, diabetic neuropathy can cause severe pain and difficulty breathing.

Diabetic neuropathy is a serious complication of diabetes, affecting up to 50% of people with diabetes. However, by maintaining appropriate blood sugar and diet, diabetic neuropathy can often be prevented or slowed.

Types of Nerve Damage

• Peripheral Nerve damage

• Autonomic Nerve Damage

• Proximal Nerve Damage

• Focal Nerve Damage

2. There is a risk of infection People with diabetes patient care are more susceptible to infections than people without diabetes because people with diabetes have a weak immune system. Research shows that people with mild diabetes are more likely to develop surgical site infections after surgery. Hospitalized diabetic patients do not necessarily have a higher death rate due to infection, but their hospital stay and recovery time are longer.

3. Amputation Diabetes can cause blood vessel damage and circulation problems.

In some cases, this needs to stop. But proper treatment can help prevent this problem. Reduced blood flow to the feet means people with diabetes have a higher risk of developing ulcers or sores in that area of the body. If a person has neuropathy and shock in their feet, they may not notice minor foot or leg ulcers until they become serious.

4. Kidney or heart failure You may not think that the kidneys and liver are connected, but they are. How? Your kidneys are powerful filters that remove toxins from your blood as it flow through your body through the blood vessels (veins, arteries, and veins) that are part of your heart.

Type 2 diabetes puts a lot of strain on your heart and kidneys. To stay healthy, you and your doctor need to carefully monitor your risk for heart and kidney problems and manage any complications that may develop.

Special care for diabetes mellitus

1. Be committed to getting your diabetes under control Members of your diabetes patient care team (including your primary care doctor, diabetes specialist and specialist, and nutritionists) can help you learn the basics of diabetes care and provide support along the way. But it depends on how you manage your condition.

2. Do not smoke Do not smoke or if you smoke, quit smoking. Smoking increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and many other types of diabetes, including Reduced blood flow to the legs and feet, which can lead to disease, serious medical conditions, and blindness, which can be fatal

• Nerve damage

• Kidney disease

• Premature death

• Talk to your doctor about ways to help you stop smoking or using other types of tobacco.

3. Control blood pressure and cholesterol Like diabetes, high blood pressure can damage your arteries. High cholesterol is also a problem because the damage will be worse and faster when you have diabetes. When these conditions occur together, they can lead to heart attack, stroke, or other life-threatening conditions.

4. Schedule regular physicals and eye exams In diabetes patient care addition to annual physicals and routine eye exams, schedule regular blood tests two to four times a year. Your ophthalmologist will check for signs of eye damage, cataracts, and glaucoma.

5. Keep your vaccinations up to date Diabetes increases your risk of some diseases. Daily vaccinations can help prevent them. Consult your doctor about Flu vaccines. Getting a flu shot every year can help you stay healthy and prevent severe colds during flu season.

6. Take care of your teeth Diabetes can cause you to get gum disease. Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day, floss once a day, and schedule dental exams at least twice a year. Call your dentist if your gums are bleeding, red, or swollen.

7. Take care of your feet High blood sugar can reduce blood flow and damage the blood vessels in your feet. If left untreated, cuts and blisters can lead to serious infections. Diabetes can cause pain, tingling, or odor in the feet.

8. Consider taking a daily aspirin If you have diabetes or other heart conditions such as smoking or high blood pressure, your doctor may recommend taking a low dose of aspirin every day to help reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.

9. If you drink alcohol, alcohol plays a role: Alcohol can cause your blood sugar to be high or low, depending on how much you drink and what you eat at the same time. If you choose to drink alcohol, do so in moderation; This means drinking no more than one glass of water per day for women and two glasses per day for men.

10. Being Stressed If you’re stressed, it can be easy to neglect your diabetes routine. Get organized to manage stress. Prioritize your activities. Learn how to relax.

Diabetes Patient Care Treatment: Type 2 Diabetes Medication

Lifestyle choices such as healthy eating, exercise, and weight control are key to managing type 2 diabetes. But you may also need to take medication to control your blood pressure and sugar (also known as glucose) at a healthy level. Sometimes one medicine is enough. In other cases, taking more than one medication works better.

Diabetes Treatment: Lowering Blood Sugar Various types of diabetes medications are available.

Each class of medication works differently to lower blood sugar.

• It causes the pancreas to produce and release more insulin.

• Limits the liver’s ability to produce and release sugar.

• It slows down the rate at which cells absorb carbohydrates by blocking the effect of enzymes that digest carbohydrates in the intestines.

• Increasing the sensitivity of cells to insulin.

• It limits the kidneys’ ability to absorb sugar, thus causing sugar to be eliminated from the body through urine.

• Slows down the speed of food passing through the stomach.

Insulin therapy

Insulin therapy keeps your blood sugar within your target range. It helps prevent serious problems. If you have type 1 diabetes, you need to take insulin to stay healthy. It replaces the insulin your body cannot produce. If you have type 2 diabetes, insulin therapy may be part of your treatment. Insulin therapy is needed when lifestyle changes and other diabetes treatments fail to control blood sugar well.

Insulin therapy is sometimes needed to treat the type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. This is called gestational diabetes. If you have gestational diabetes, you may need insulin therapy if healthy eating habits and other diabetes treatments are not sufficient.