Understanding Allergies

What is an Allergic condition?

Our immune system is designed to protect the body from foreign substances. Sometimes the system overreacts and perceives harmless things as threats.

People without allergies will not feel this medicine. People with allergic conditions normally don’t have any problems, and their bodies produce antibodies to fight it. This causes a synapse to release chemicals in the body, including histamine. It is these chemicals that cause allergy symptoms such as sneezing, itchy eyes, or runny nose.

For example, in hay fever, the immune system overreacts to pollen and the release of histamine can cause symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, nasal itching and watery eyes.

How does an Allergic reaction happen?

Our immune system is designed to protect our body from foreign substances such as viruses and other diseases and to help us stay safe and healthy. But sometimes our immune system can overreact and perceive something harmless as a threat. This is what happens when an allergic reaction occurs.

Anaphylaxis occurs when a person who is allergic to a particular allergen is exposed to the allergen.

  • When an allergen, such as pollen, enters the body, it causes disease prevention.
  • Antibodies bind to mast cells.
  • When pollen comes into contact with the immune system, mast cells react by secreting histamine.
  • When allergens release histamine is suppressed Inflammation (redness and swelling) that occurs is Irritating and uncomfortable.

Similar reactions may occur with some medications and food supplements. However, if it does not concern the immune system, it is called allergy.

Common Allergic Conditions:

Allergic conditions are common. Antibiotics that cause allergic reactions are similar to those that cause hay fever. In allergic conditions, most reactions occur soon after exposure to the allergen.

Substances that cause allergic reactions are called allergens. Common allergens include:

• Grass and tree pollen – allergy to this pollen is called hay fever (allergic rhinitis)

• Dust mites

• Animal dander (tiny flakes of skin) or hair)

• Foods – especially nuts, fruits, shellfish, eggs, and milk

• Insect bites and stings

• Medications – including ibuprofen, Aspirin and some antibiotics

• Latex – used to make some condoms and gloves

• Molds – these can release small particles into the air that you can breathe

• household chemicals – including detergents and hair dyes.

Many allergens for people who are not dealing with allergic condition It is usually harmless.

Developments in Allergy Treatment:

• Immunotherapy (vaccination): This involves introducing small, increasing amounts of allergens into the body to help the immune system.

• Biologics: Drugs such as dupilumab (used to treat eczema and asthma) target part of the body’s immune system.

• Sublingual immunotherapy: Allergen tablets or drops are placed under the tongue to build tolerance to allergens.

Natural and Alternative Treatments:

• Butterbur Extract: Some studies have shown it to be effective in reducing fever symptoms.

• Acupuncture: Some people use acupuncture to reduce allergy symptoms.

• Ceylon cinnamon: Shown to have anti-inflammatory properties against many ailments, including allergies.

Prevention of Allergy:

• Do not go out when the flowers are at their peak.
• Clothes should be washed thoroughly and shoes left outside to prevent pollen from entering the room.
• Mouth and nose should be covered to prevent pollen from entering the body.
• You should make sure that your environment or the place where you spend most of your time is dust-free.
• You should cover your mouth and nose while sleeping or mopping the floor
• You should use sunscreen or sunscreen before going out in the sun.
• Increase your body temperature to maximum when you go out in the sun.
• Sunglasses should be worn to avoid harmful rays reaching the eyes.
• Do not eat foods to which you are not allergic.
• You should check the labels on the product packaging to understand its ingredients and avoid side effects.


Once an allergic condition diagnosed, the pulmonologist can develop a treatment plan based on the patient’s symptoms and results. Treatment plans may include allergy medications and antibiotics. Allergy Medications such as antibiotics, decongestants, and steroids can help reduce inflammation, block histamines, and reduce symptoms such as sneezing, coughing, and asthma. Pulmonologists may also recommend the use of immunosuppressants, which slowly introduce small amounts of allergens into the patient’s body to help the body fight infections and reduce the severity of allergic condition. The Role of the Pulmonologist in Allergy Management is important to ensure that patients receive correct diagnosis, effective treatment and preventive measures to control symptoms. They also educate patients about prevention and work with other physicians, such as allergists, immunologists, and respiratory therapists, on a complex basis.

What should you do if you have allergy symptoms?

If you have allergy symptoms, the most important thing you can do is not know what’s going on. Discuss treatment with your doctor. For some people, over-the-counter medications may be enough to treat allergies. For others, allergy medications and other treatments may be needed. Work with your doctor or therapist to develop a treatment plan.

What can you do if you don’t know the cause of your allergy symptoms?

One of the most important ways to manage allergy symptoms is to avoid them. So, what do you do if you don’t know your results?

• Keep a Symptom Diary: Keep a detailed record of when and where you experience symptoms, new products you use, foods you eat, and more.

• Use over-the-counter allergy medications (consult your doctor, especially if you are taking other medications).

• For severe symptoms: make an appointment with your doctor for examination, diagnosis, and treatment planning.

Health Precautions:

Environmental Allergy: Healthcare institutions should be careful against things such as dust, pollen or Mold that may occur. These allergens can be reduced with regular cleaning, use of HEPA filters and good ventilation.

• Latex Allergy: Given the widespread use of latex in medical facilities (such as condoms), alternatives should suitable for people with latex allergies.

• Food Allergies: Food allergies should be reported to the clinic’s nutrition department to ensure that the food offered will not cause an allergic reaction.

• Drug Allergies: Before taking the allergy medication, healthcare personnel should have information about drug allergies.

Treatment Procedure

• Often used to treat symptoms such as itching, sneezing, and runny nose.

• Keeping the area free of antibiotics can be a form of therapy.

• Use creams on the skin or as medicine for the lungs.

• Patients and their families should be educated about drug allergies and how to manage them in the healthcare setting. • Your doctor may recommend over-the-counter or oral medications in pill or liquid form, nasal sprays, or drops.

• For severe allergies or allergies that cannot be relieved by other treatments, your doctor may recommend the use of anti-allergen medications.